Real Property Appraisals: A Primer
Buying a home
where you raise your family,
a seasonal vacation home or
an investment, the purchase of real property is
an involved financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
||To learn more about appraising, click here to see a short video or call us today to talk about your specific property.
Most people are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction.
The most recognizable person in the exchange is the real estate agent.
Then, the mortgage company provides the financial capital needed to bankroll the transaction.
Ensuring all requirements of the sale are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So what party makes sure the value of the real estate is in line with the amount being paid?
In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Minnesota licensed appraiser from Reliable Appraisals of Central Minnesota, LLC will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject property
Our first task at Reliable Appraisals of Central Minnesota, LLC is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status.
We must physically view features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really are present and are in the shape a typical buyer would expect them to be.
The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is correct and conveying the layout of the property.
Most importantly, we identify any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of the property:
a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Here, we gather information on local building costs, the cost of labor and other elements to ascertain how much it would cost to construct a property comparable to the one being appraised. This figure commonly sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Appraisers can tell you a lot about the communities in which they appraise.
We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the residents of that area.
Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as
square footage, extra bathrooms, hardwood floors, fireplaces or view lots (just to name a few), we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for.
This approach to value is most often given the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate sale.
Say, for example, the comparable has a fireplace and the subject does not, the appraiser may subtract the value of a fireplace from the sales price of the comparable.
But, in the case where the subject has something such as an extra half bath that a comparable doesn't have, the appraiser might add the value of that bath to the comparable property.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third method of valuing a property is sometimes applied when an area has a measurable number of renter occupied properties.
In this situation, the amount of revenue the property produces is taken into consideration along with other rents in the area for comparable properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Analyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property at hand.
It is important to note that while this amount is probably the strongest indication of what a house would sell for in an open market, it may not be the price at which the property closes.
Depending on the individual circumstances of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down.
But the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace.
Here's what it all boils down to: An appraiser from Reliable Appraisals of Central Minnesota, LLC will help you discover the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.
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